What Are The Three Types of Vision Loss
Approximately 80 million Americans, or 1 in 4 individuals, have a health condition that causes or can lead to vision loss or blindness. Vision loss is typically caused by disease, age-related conditions, or injury. Many conditions that lead to vision loss can be prevented or treated by addressing the underlying health condition and making changes to lifestyle habits. Some of these include proper nutrition, access to medical care, eliminating stress, and increasing physical activity.
The most common types of vision loss are attributed to cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, retinal detachment, and diabetic retinopathy. Although age is the most common determining factor in developing these conditions, other factors increase risk. These include prolonged high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, radiation exposure, smoking, long-term use of corticosteroids, significant exposure to UV light, obesity, heavy alcohol consumption, eye inflammation, eye injury, and family history.
Cataracts and retinal detachment are usually brought on by age but can be diagnosed early with testing. Armed with knowledge imparted by your physician, you can be on the lookout for signs and symptoms of cataracts and retinal detachments or tears. For glaucoma, patients are advised to lower intraocular pressure with the use of eye drops or medication. People with diabetes are at a higher risk for both cataracts and glaucoma. Macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy are also attributed to Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Other high-risk factors for both macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy include poor control of blood sugar levels, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, pregnancy, and race.
In many cases, you do not have to live with the effects of vision loss. For refractive errors, contact lenses or prescription eyeglasses will help you to see clearly. You may even opt for laser eye surgery to permanently correct your vision. But in some scenarios, you may not be so fortunate, and vision loss can be permanent or even lead to blindness. Do not wait until damage is beyond repair for eye conditions that are preventable and treatable. For your best course of action, contact Kalamazoo Ophthalmology to schedule a comprehensive eye exam. We will provide you with the best resources available to restore your vision or help you with the physical and emotional support needed as you navigate vision loss. Call today at 269-329-5860 or schedule conveniently online at WEBSITE.